USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination)

The USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination) is a three-step series of standardized tests that must be successfully completed in order to apply for medical licensure. The USMLE is administered by the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG). The USMLE is designed to demonstrate how well you understand and apply concepts integral to the basic and clinical sciences. All physicians must pass all three steps of the USMLE before they can practice medicine in the USA.
Step 1 tests your mastery of the basic science components of the medical sciences curriculum and your understanding of the scientific principles underlying quality medical care. Fundamentals are tested in Step 1 via knowledge-based questions that test factual information. Mechanisms are tested via clinical tasks in which students are asked to apply basic Science concepts in the context of a patient encounter. The key challenge is deciding what the core basic science is tested on each question presented.
Step 2 is intended to allow candidates to demonstrate that they have sufficient clinical expertise to provide patient care under supervision. Questions are always in the context of a patient encounter. Students must demonstrate a grasp of important mechanisms as they apply to these encounters. Clinical application is the focus, and correct answers require detailed diagnostic and some basic patient management knowledge. The key challenge is deciding what the core primary care issue is to be addressed with each patient presented.
Step 3 is designed to test a physician’s capacity for the unsupervised practice in medicine by testing his/her ability to solve problems in a variety of clinical situations. Specific patient management knowledge is tested by means of clinical scenarios. Candidates are asked to display appropriate clinical judgement by ordering and interpreting tests, arriving at correct diagnoses, specifying proper treatment regimens, and arranging for necessary follow-up. The key challenge is selecting the most appropriate management for patients with multiple medical problems and social constraints. 

NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination)

NCLEX stands for National Council Licensure Examination, the test administered by The Boards of nursing that represent each of the 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, and the five US territories: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. NCLEX if often referred to as The Boards or State Boards. NCLEX has only one purpose: to determine if it is safe for you to begin practice as an entry-level nurse.
NCLEX is now a computer-adaptive test (CAT). The NCLEX tests the following: Safe and Effective Care Environment (12-24%), Health Promotion and Maintenance (12-24%), Psychosocial Integrity (10-22%) and Physiological Integrity (36-60%). In NCLEX-CAT, the questions are adapted to your ability level and your answer to the question at hand will determine the degree of difficulty of your next question which is directly related to the level of passing. You have a maximum of 6 hours to complete the examination with a minimum of 75 questions up to a maximum of 265 questions 15 of which are experimental and are not scored. It is administered daily except on weekend.

CGFNS (Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools)

The CGFNS or the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools has its CGFNS Certification Program eligibility which is designed for first-level, general nurses educated and/or licensed outside the United States and who wish to assess their chances of passing the NCLEX and attaining licensure within the United States. Most US States require the CGFNS.
Elements of the certification program is composed of a credentials review, a one-day qualifying exam of nursing knowledge (CGFNS exam), and an English language proficiency exam (TOEFL iBT, IELTS, TOEFL and TSE). Upon successful completion of all three elements of the program, applicants are issued a CGFNS certification.
The Kaplan-CGFNS review course focuses on the one-day paper-and-pencil qualifying exam of nursing knowledge or commonly known as the CGFNS qualifying exam. The Nursing Exam consists of two sections and is modeled after the NCLEX-RN examination test plan. In the Philippines, the CGFNS qualifying exam is given thrice a year March, July and November and the deadline for submission is made three months before the exam date.

NBDE (National Board Dental Exam)

kaplan-nbdeThe NBDE or National Board Dental Exam is given as two steps: 1 & 2. This is a necessary standardized examination that foreign trained dentists need to pass in order to be allowed to practice in the USA.
The NBDE 1 is a one day examination with a morning and afternoon session. Each session is approximately 4 hours long and consists of 2 tests of approximately 100 total questions each. The entire day will contain 4 tests, with approximately 400 questions. These questions will be from a wide variety of topical areas as follows: Microbiology and Pathology (100 questions), Anatomic Sciences (100 questions), Biochemistry and Physiology (100 questions) and Dental Anatomy and Occlusion (100 questions).
The NBDE 2 is a two day examination. The first day consists of a morning and afternoon session. Each session is approximately 4 hours long and consists of approximately 200 questions each (400 questions total). These questions will be from a wide variety of topical areas as follows: Operative Dentistry, Endodontics, Pedodontics, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology, Pharmacology, Dental Public Health, Prosthodontics, Periodontics, Orthodontics, Pain Control, Radiology, Infection Control, Behavioral Science.
Day 2 for NBDE 2 consists of a morning session with approximately 100 questions divided among a group of case studies. The case studies represents patients, with a medical history, dental history, charting, x-rays, models, photographs etc. Questions may ask about appropriate premedication, treatment, patient management or social aspects of patient treatment. 

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